Assessing China’s Relations with Africa


China’s spectacular economic progress has led some security analysts and policy makers to question Beijing’s intentions in other parts of the world. This paper examines the extent to which China’s engagement with Africa has produced mutual benefits for both and whether Africa is reaping the necessary benefits required for poverty alleviation and economic development.

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The Consequences of Humanitarian Peacekeeping in Africa


Owing to the changing nature of international conflict, the 1990s witnessed a growing need for humanitarian peacekeeping operations, especially in Africa. The reluctance of the United Nations to be involved in peacekeeping operations in Africa compelled South Africa to take part in peacekeeping to assist neighbouring conflict-ridden states. There is, however, a discrepancy between the conceptualisation and application of peacekeeping and peace-enforcement operations.

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Dynamics of Foreign Trade and Trade Relation Problems: Policy Options for Nigeria


Trade theorists recognize trade as a vital catalyst for national growth and overall development. Yet international trade can be one of the most hotly debated and contentious of political issues, both domestically and between governments. This study appraises the causes of disagreement among the combatants divided into developed and developing economies.

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The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth

In clear-cut prose, Friedman examines the political and social histories of the large Western democracies particularly of the United States since the Civil War to demonstrate the fact that incomes on the rise lead to more open and democratic societies.

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Africa Works: Disorder as Political Instrument


Are there social, political and cultural factors in Africa which aspire to the continuation of patrimony and conspire against economic development?

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Development as Freedom


In Development as Freedom Amartya Sen explains how in a world of unprecedented increase in overall opulence millions of people living in the Third World are still unfree. Even if they are not technically slaves, they are denied elementary freedoms and remain imprisoned in one way or another by economic poverty, social deprivation, political tyranny or cultural authoritarianism.

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